K-pop, society, and everything in between.

Petition for Infinite and Woollim Entertainment to cancel concert screenings and plans for release of "Inconvenient Truth": an awareness campaign for misogyny and rape culture

About AKF
Recommended blogs


Academic articles on K-pop & the Hallyu
"AKF in Korea" series
사생 (sasaeng) fans series
The Block B files

Celebrity sightings, fan meets and the epistemology of K-pop idols: What do we know and how do we know?
K-pop fan-fiction: Thoughts by readers and writers

Blud Bruthaz

"You can thank Google for your new obsession" (CNN Geek Out)
"When fans go too far" (CNN Geek Out)

K-pop fanart & fanfiction
Block B and media misrepresentation
Being branded as a 'K-pop fan'
Regulation & the KMRB's new policy
Fan behavior and decorum
"Plus size" in Korea
SNL Korea does blackface
Politics and Korean hiphop
Don't want to get AIDS? Masturbate!
"Skinny Baby" NOT hot
"Unwed mothers are ignorant whores"?
Shipping, fanfictions, and smut
"Getting an Abortion in South Korea"
South Korea's education system
Tablo, TaJinYo, and the implications of celebrity obsession
Jay Park, JYJ, and other issues that make you think twice about being a K-pop consumer
Block B and cultural silencing
Beauty standards and how idols propagate them
The multiple ventures of an idol
Korean indie vs. K-pop
Block B's comeback in a post-controversy framework
Idols tweeting about private matters
▪ The mentality of idol hopefuls [1] [2]
▪ Jay Park and being 'gangsta' in K-pop [1] [2] [3]
▪ Pursuing idoldom: AKF's advice [1] [2]
Shipping idols of the same sex
The role of visuals in K-pop
Can non-Asians make it in K-pop?
BEAST's 'racist' New York casting call?
Cultural insensitivity plagues K-pop
▪ English in K-pop songs [1] [2]
How 'Asian' are the MAMAs?
Thoughts on fan service
Plastic surgery: achieving 'natural' via unnatural means?
"National prestige" and the Hallyu Wave
Government takes action for sexual exploitation in K-pop?
Cracking down hagwons & education reform
The irony of the 'ethnic diversity' gimmick
BEAST & 4-Minute tells us not to watch porn?
The "Paradox of Korean Globalization" and K-pop
Japanese actor Sousuke Takaoka's "xenophobia" towards Hallyu?
Songs by BEAST, Jay Park, etc. banned
The "plight" of KoreAm idols?
Dalmatian's Daniel imitating accents: funny or "racist"?
What exactly makes K-pop "K-pop"?
Why "K-pop Secrets" sorta piss me off


▪ angrykpopfan@gmail.com

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The name and the concept was inspired by Angry Asian Man and The Angry Black Woman. In my posts, I cite my sources accordingly. All images I include are not mine. None of the gifs are mine. Nope, not even that green fan. Credits go to their original owners. Someone please make me a less artistically-deficient banner.

Creative Commons License
Angry K-pop Fan's literary work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

(Venting since March 2011)
Recent Tweets @angrykpopfan


For those of you who are exploring the Hallyu wave for theses and dissertations; or if you’re just interested in reading what’s out there.

There are three categories of sources (under each topic/theme): “free access”, which are online sources you can access without log-in; “requires log-in”, which are online sources you will need to log-in for; and “offline/purchase”, which are sources I wasn’t able to find online (for the time being) or that needs to be purchased (I linked them to their Amazon catalogues). Sources under the second and third categories are given in the American Sociology Association (ASA) citation style (just un-bold the title(s) when you’re formally citing it). Hopefully you’ll be able to find it on the Internet; and if you do, please kindly drop me a note so I can link it. It’ll do so much to the convenience of many!

For the links that requires you to log-in, try to see if you can sign in via your school (it should be available for most universities/research institutions). If not, e-mail me and I’ll send you a PDF copy of the file if I can access it. You can also Google the title, or use the citation details I included (bullet points) to help you in your search.

This list will continue to grow, so check back from time to time to see if there are any new additions. If you have a source you think needs to be on here, please let me know (ask-box, Facebook, Twitter, e-mail) and I’ll add it on. 

Also, If you’re a student or researcher whose publication is on this list and there’s a reason you don’t want to be, please say so. You’re not at all obligated to explain yourself - just let me know and I’ll take it off right away. 

Finally (this doesn’t really need to be said cuz you guys are cool and can be trusted, but I’ll say it anyway), if you wish to use any of this research in your papers, blog posts, etc., please cite the authors and their work!

Happy reading!



Hybridity and the rise of Korean popular culture in Asia (Shim Doo-bo)

Korean pop culture (Chua Beng Huat)

Rethinking media flow under globalization: Rising Korean Wave and Korean TV and film policy since 1980s (Kim Ju-young)

The Korean Wave: The Seoul of Asia (Sue Jin Lee)

"Korean Wave" in China: Its impact on the South Korean-Chinese relations (Kim Ji-eun)

From ‘Sorry Sorry’ to ‘That Banana’: the Subtitling of a Korean Music Video as a Site of Contestation in Taiwan (Chih-Chieh Liu) 

J-pop, K-pop and Transnational Reconciliation (Stephen Epstein) [in Korean Studies in Shift; linked to full publication; PDF 563 pgs] 


Shin, Hyun-joon. 2009. “Have you ever seen the Rain? And who’ll stop the Rain?: the globalizing project of Korean pop (K‐pop).” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 10: 507-523. (DOI: 10.1080/14649370903166150)

Ryoo, Woong-jae. 2009. “Globalization, or the logic of cultural hybridization: the case of the Korean wave.” Asian Journal of Communication, 19: 137-151. (DOI: 10.1080/01292980902826427)

Cho, Young-han. 2011. “Desperately seeking East Asia amidst the popularity of South Korean pop culture in Asia.” Cultural Studies, 25: 383-404. (DOI: 10.1080/09502386.2010.545424)


Kim, Youna. 2007. "The rising East Asian ‘Wave’: Korean media go global.” pp. 121-136 in Media on the Move: Global Flow and Contra-Flow, edited by Daya Kishan Thussu. Oxon: Routledge.

Howard, Keith, ed. 2006. Korean Pop Music: Riding the Wave. Folkestone, Kent: Global Oriental.

Huat, Being Chua and Koichi Iwabuchi, ed. 2008. East Asian Pop Culture: Analyzing the Korean Wave. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Kim, Chang-nam. 2012. K-POP: Roots and Blossoming of Korean Popular Music (Contemporary Korean Arts Series #6). Seoul: Hollym International Corporation.

Russell, Mark James. 2009. Pop Goes Korea: Behind the Revolution in Movies, Music, and Internet Culture. Berkeley: Stone Bridge Press. 

Kim, Do-kyun and Min-sun Kim. 2011. Hallyu: Influence of Korean Popular Culture in Asia and Beyond. Seoul: Seoul National University Press. 

Kim, Kyung-hyun. 2011. Virtual Hallyu: Korean Cinema of the Global Era. Durham: Duke University Press. 

Chua, Being. 2012. Structure, Audience, and Soft Power in East Asian Pop Culture. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. 

Gateward, Frances, ed. 2007. Seoul Searching: Culture and Identity in Contemporary Korean Cinema. New York: State University of New York Press. 

Peirse, Alison and Daniel Martin, ed. 2013. Korean Horror Cinema. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 



K-pop, Indonesian fandom, and social media (Jung Sun) 

Popping the K-pop bubble: A study on the world of K-pop fandom as a subculture (Jessamine Joyce Caunte Pacis)


Han, Hee-joo and Jae-sub Lee. 2010. A study on the KBS TV drama Winter Sonata and its impact on Korea’s Hallyu tourism development.Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 24: 115-126. (DOI: 10.1080/10548400802092593)

Lin, Yu-shan and Jun-ying Huang. 2010. Analyzing the use of TV mini-series for Korea Tourism Marketing.Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 24: 223-227. (DOI: 10.1080/10548400802092858)

Kim, Samuel Seong-seop, Jerome Agursa, Kaye Chon and Young-shin Cho. 2010. The effects of Korean pop culture on Hong Kong residents’ perceptions of Korea as a potential tourist destination.Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 24: 163-183. (DOI: 10.1080/10548400802092684)

Huang, Shuling. 2011.Nation-branding and transnational consumption: Japan-mania and the Korean wave in Taiwan.” Media, Culture & Society, 33: 3-18. (DOI: 10.1177/0163443710379670)

Kim, Samuel Seong-seop, Hee-sung Lee and Kye-sung Chon. 2010. Segmentation of different types of Hallyu tourists using a multinomial model and its marketing implications.” Journal of Hospitality & Tourism, 34: 341-363. (DOI: 10.1177/1096348009350646)

Otmazgin, Nissim Kadosh. 2011. Commodifying Asian-ness: Entrepreneurship and the making of East Asian popular culture.Media, Culture & Society, 33: 259-274. (DOI: 10.1177/0163443710393386)

Kim, Sang-kyun, Philip Long and Mike Robinson. 2009. "Small screen, big tourism: The role of popular Korean television dramas in South Korean tourism." Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, 11: 308-333. (DOI: 10.1080/14616680903053334) 

Kim, Sang-kyun. 2012. "The Relationships of On-site Film-tourism Experiences, Satisfaction, and Behavioural Intentions: The Case of Asian Audience’s Responses to a Korean Historical TV Drama." Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 29: 472-484. (DOI: 10.1080/10548408.2012.691399)

Kim, Sang-kyun. 2010. "Extraordinary experience: re-enacting and photographing at screen tourism locations." Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, 7:  59-75. (DOI: 10.1080/14790530903522630)

Kim, Sang-kyun. 2011. "A cross-cultural study of on-site film-tourism experiences among Chinese, Japanese, Taiwanese, and Thai visitors to the Daejanggeum Theme Park, South Korea." Current Issues in Tourism, 15: 759-776. (DOI: 10.1080/13683500.2011.640394)

Kim, Sang-kyun. 2012. "Audience involvement and film tourism experiences: Emotional places, emotional experiences." Tourism Management, 33: 387-396.

Kim, Do-kyun, Arvind Singhal, Toru Hanaki, Jennifer Dunn, Ketan Chitnis and Min Wha Han. 2009. “Television drama, narrative engagement and audience buying behavior: The effects of Winter Sonata in Japan.” International Communication Gazette, 71: 595-611. (DOI: 10.1177/1748048509341894)

Siriyuvasak, Ubonrat and Hyun-joon Shin. 2007. “Asianizing K‐pop: production, consumption and identification patterns among Thai youth.” Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 8: 109-136. (DOI: 10.1080/14649370601119113)


Kim, Sang-kyun. 2012. The Production and Consumption of Screen Tourism Experience: The Case Study of Asian Audience’s Responses to Hallyu and Korean TV Dramas. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing.

Kim, Sang-kyun and Noëlle O’Connor. 2011. Film tourism locations and experiences: A popular Korean television drama production perspective. Tourism Review International, 15: 243-252. (DOI: 10.3727/154427211X13216636845701)

Kim, Sang-kyun and Noëlle O’Connor. 2011. "A cross-cultural study of screen-tourists’ profiles." Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 3: 141-158. (DOI: 10.1108/17554211111123005)



The aesthetic style of Korean singers in Japan: A review of Hallyu from the perspective of fashion (Judy Park, Ph.D)

The Effeminacy of Male Beauty in Korea (Roald Maliangkay)

Asian Dolls and the Western Gaze: Notes on the Female Dollification in South Korea(Aljosa Puzar) *Click on the floppy disk icon right next to the title to download it

[FULL E-BOOK] Epstein, Stephen, Daniel Black and Alison Tokita, ed. 2010. Complicated Currents: Media Flows, Soft Power and East Asia. Victoria: Monash University Publishing. *An entire collection many of you may find of interest. Included are the articles that are specifically on the Hallyu: 


Chan, Brenda and Wang Xueli. 2011.Of prince charming and male chauvinist pigs: Singaporean female viewers and the dream-world of Korean television dramas.” International Journal of Cultural Studies, 14: 291-305. (DOI: 10.1177/1367877910391868)

Ma, Sheng-mei. 2007. “The O of Han Ju: Those full, (over)painted lips that dare to confess.” Television & New Media, 8: 107-123. (DOI: 10.1177/1527476406299155)

Jung, Eun-young. 2010. “Playing the Race and Sexuality Cards in the Transnational Pop Game: Korean Music Videos for the US Market.” Popular Music Studies, 22: 219-236. (DOI: 10.1111/15331598.2010.01237)

[FULL E-BOOK] Jung, Sun. 2010. Korean Masculinities and Transcultural Consumption: Yonsama, Rain, Oldboy, K-pop Idols. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. *also available in print


Kim, Kyung Hyun. 2004. The Remasculinization of Korean Cinema. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Kim, Myoung-Hye. 2002. Woman to be seen but not to be heard: Representation of women in the contemporary Korean Movie ‘My Wife is a Gangster’. Unpublished paper presented at the 23rd Conference of IAMCR, Gender and Communication Section, Barcelona, Spain, July 2002.



Linguistic constructions of modernity: English mixing in Korean television commercials (Jamie Shin-Hee Lee) 
*recommended by anonymous

Konglish: Awareness and Audience (Tory Thorkelsen)
*recommended by twenty-tree

The Axis of Vaudeville: Images of North Korea in South Korean Pop Culture (Stephen Epstein) 


Lo, Adrienne and Jenna Kim. 2011. “Manufacturing citizenship: Metapragmatic framings of language competencies in media images of mixed race men in South Korea.” Discourse & Society, 22: 440-457. (DOI: 10.1177/0957926510395834)
*recommended by loloblogs

Lee, Jamie Shin-hee. 2004. “Linguistic hybridization in K-pop: discourse of self-assertion and resistance.” World Englishes, 23: 429-450. (DOI: 10.1111/08832919200400367)
*recommended by anonymous

Park, So-young. 2010. “Transnational adoption, Hallyu, and the politics of Korean popular culture.” Biography, 33: 151-166. (DOI: 0.1353/bio.0.0154) 

Rothman, Barbara Katz. 2006. “Comforting an orphaned nation: Representations of international adoption and adopted Koreans in Korean popular culture.” Korean Studies, 30: 112-114. (DOI: 10.1353/ks.2006.0022)

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